Table 1. The potential therapeutic values of Moringa oleifera against cancer, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and other diseases are due to the phytochemicals present in the various parts of the tree. Glucosinolates, carbamates and isothiocyanates are fairly unique group of compounds peculiar to Moringaceae family. Other metabolites include flavonoids, polysaccharide and sterols. The distribution of various phytochemicals varies with the plant part which gives either broad or specific bioactivity.
Table 2. The antioxidant capacity of the Moringa fruit (pod) is due to the presence of higher amount of isothiocyanates and other flavonoids compared to leaf.
Figures. The acute toxicity of ascorbic acid (standard antioxidant) and gallic acid (ubiquitously present in plant as phenolics) was also performed along with Moringa extracts for comparative analysis. Non-significant changes were observed for the body weight, biochemical and haematological parameters. The molecules were well tolerated and non toxic upto a checked dose of 10mg/kg body weight.